چکیده :

Background: It is well documented that Silver Nanoparticles (SNPs) are potent antimicrobial agents. However, little is known about antimicrobial effects of biologically synthesized SNPs at molecular level. In the present study, efficacy of the green microalgae Chlorella vulgaris in biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles and inhibitory effect of the biosynthesized SNPs on growth and virulence of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) were investigated. Methods: Algal suspension was incubated in the presence of silver nitrate to induce formation of nanoparticles. The experiment was conducted under a pH range to evaluate pH effect on the shape and properties of nanoparticles. Characterization was performed by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectrometry (EDS) and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). Moreover, concentration of biosynthesized SNPs was measured by high resolution ICP-OES spectrometer. Antibacterial effect of SNPs on growth of S. aureus was evaluated by broth micro-dilution method. Inhibitory effect of SNPs on alpha hemolysin, a well-known virulence factor of S. aureus was investigated through real time PCR assay. Results: Spherical SNPs were produced with characteristic monodispersity at low and neutral pHs; however, in alkaline condition, nanorod structures were formed. SNPs inhibited growth of S. aureus at concentration of 50 μg/ml. Alpha hemolysin expression was also effectively inhibited by SNPs treatment. Conclusion: In general, results revealed formation of spherical silver nanoparticles with inhibitory effects on bacterial growth and antagonist activity on the expression of alpha hemolysin. Moreover, increase in pH to basic condition resulted in aggregation of nanoparticles and formation of rod-like nanostructures.

کلید واژگان :

Biosynthesis , Chlorella vulgaris , Nanoparticles , Silver



ارزش ریالی : 300000 ریال
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